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There are many different ways to express gratitude in French, from a simple thank you to ultra-polite expressions of appreciation. Learn how to thank everyone for everything with these French expressions related to gratitude.
Simple ways to say thank you
|Merci beaucoup||Thank you very much|
|Merci bien||Thanks a lot (may be sincere or sarcastic)|
|Merci mille foisMille fois merci
|Thanks a million|
|Un grand merciMerci infiniment||Many thanks|
Expressing thanks in general
|À votre bon cœur !||Thank you kindly!|
|Avec tous mes / nos remerciements.||With my / our thanks.|
|C’est (vraiment) gentil de ta / votre part.*||It’s (very) kind of you.|
|En vous remerciant … (common in letters)||Thanking you …|
|Je vous remercie.||I thank you.|
|Je tiens à vous exprimer notre gratitude.||I wish to express our gratitude to you.|
|Je vous adresse mes plus vifs remerciements.||I send you my most sincere thanks.|
|Je vous remercie de tout cœur.||I thank you from the bottom of my heart.|
|Je ne sais pas comment vous remercier.||I don’tknow how to thank you.|
|Je vous suis extrêmement reconnaissant.||I ame very grateful to you.|
|Remerciez-le / -la de ma part.||Thank him / her for me.|
|Transmettez mes remerciements à Marc.||Pass on my thanks to Marc.|
* All of these can be used with te or vous, depending on your relationship to the person – learn more: Te vs vous.
Expressing thanks for something specific
You can use most of the above expressions while naming whatever is it that you’re thankful for but, depending on what that thing actually is, you must choose between two prepositions:
1) To thank someone for a noun, use pour:
|Merci beaucoup pour les vêtements.||Thank you very much for the clothes.|
|Je te remercie pour le déjeuner.||Thank you for lunch.|
|Je tiens à vous exprimer notre gratitude pour votre gentillesse.||I wish to express our gratitude for your kindness.|
|Remerciez-la de ma part pour les livres.||Thank her for me for the books.|
|En vous remerciant pour votre assistance, nous espérons …||Thanking you for your assistance, we hope …|
2) Use de to thank someone for doing something (expressed with the French infinitive or past infinitive):
|C’est gentil de votre part de le dire.||It’s kind of you to say so.|
|Je te remercie de l’avoir trouvé.||Thank you for finding it.|
|Merci de m’avoir accompagné.||Thank you for accompanying me.|
|Merci mille fois de nous avoir aidés.||Thanks a million for helping us.|
|En vous remerciant de m’avoir parlé, je voudrais …||Thanking you for speaking to me, I’d like to …|
De is also sometimes used with abstract nouns and sounds more elegant.
|Merci bien de votre assistance.||Thank you for your help.|
|Merci de toutes vos bontés.||Thank you for all your kindness.|
|Je vous remercie du soutien.||Thank you for your support.|
|Merci de votre attention.||Thanks for your attention.|
Expressing future thanks
Merci d’avance = Thanks in advance
Not merci en avance
There are also very formal expressions you can use in French business letters:
|Je vous saurais gré de (bien vouloir) …||I would be grateful if you could (be so kind as to) …|
|Je vous serais reconnaissant de (bien vouloir) …||I would be grateful to you (to be so kind as to) …|
|Je vous serais très obligé de (bien vouloir) …||I would be obliged if you could (be so kind as to) …|
More grateful French vocabulary and verbs
|dire merci à (quelqu’un)||to say thank you to (someone)|
|grâce à||thanks to|
|la gratitude||gratitude, thankfulness|
|la reconnaissance||recognition, thankfulness|
|…être reconnaissant de + infinitive||to be thankful for + present participle|
|…être reconnaissant de + noun||to be thankful for something|
|…être reconnaissant envers + person||to be thankful to/for + person|
|remercier (quelqu’un)||to thank (someone)|
When saying thank you to a friend, you might also do les bises.
|Gratitude-Themed Grammar Quiz|
Test yourself on relative pronouns with this fill-in-the-blank exercise: Exprimer sa gratitude
Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless French account to take this test. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!
1 – Thank You in French
The most common word to say ‘thank you’ or simply ‘thanks’ in French is “merci”.
It’s pronounced like “mair see” (watch out, no “mur” sound!!)
- “Merci” is ‘thank you’. The “you” part is included, so we don’t say “merci tu”.
- “Merci beaucoup” – ‘thank you very much’: the “very” is included, you cannot say “merci très beaucoup”.
- “Mille mercis” or “merci mille fois” – kind of “thanks a million” but it’s only a thousand in French!
- “Merci du fond du coeur” – thank you from the bottom of my heart
Another way to say ‘thank you’ is to use the verb “remercier”.
Note that the verb “remercier” has a stem in “i”, so the final sound will often be a vowel, just like the verb “étudier”.
- Je te remercie pour les chocolats – I thank you for the chocolates.
- Je vous remercie pour ce délicieux repas. I thank you for this delicious meal.
- Je voulais vous remercier pour votre patience – I wanted to thank you for your patience.
Using “remercier” is quite formal in French, much less common than using “merci”.
2 – Thanks in French
When talking about the thanks, the noun, you’d use the noun “le/les remerciement(s)”, usually used in the plural.
- Vous avez les remerciements de Pierre – you have Pierre’s thanks.
- Je voudrais lui adresser mes remerciements – I would like to send him/her my thanks.
3 – Being Grateful in French
To say you are grateful, the expression is “être reconnaissant(e)”
The preposition used after it is a bit tricky:– “pour” / “de” + something
– “envers” + someone (sometimes “à” but I don’t like how it sounds!! It may be outdated now)
- Je suis reconnaissante pour la vie que j’ai en France – I’m thankful for the life I have in France
- Olivier et moi sommes reconnaissants envers tous les gens qui ont acheté nos livres audio : un grand merci à tous !Olivier and I are thankful to all the people how bought our audiobooks: a big thank-you to all!
4 – How To Say “You are Welcome” in French
To answer ‘thank you’ in French, we’d use:
- Je t’en prie (pronounced ‘shtan pree’) if you are using “tu”
- Je vous en prie (pronounced “shvoo zan pree”) if you are using “vous”
Note that although very very common “de rien” (it’s nothing) is not considered proper by some French people and will be frown upon in upper social classes.
Watch out! “Bienvenu” means you are welcome as in “welcome to my house” “bienvenu chez moi”, or “je vous souhaite la bienvenue” – I wish you welcome… However it’s never used as an answer to thank you.
How are you? How’s it going?
Asking how someone is doing is a common greeting in the U.S. How many times a day do we hear or say these brief greetings at the beginning of our conversations? So many times, in fact, that half the time, we don’t even pay attention. These pleasantries are common in French-speaking countries as well.
The most common ways to ask how someone is doing are:
Comment ça va? (How’s it going?)
Comment vas-tu? (How are you? [Informal])
Comment allez-vous? (How are you? [Formal])
Ça va? (How’s it going? [Informal])
As you’d expect, when someone asks you how you’re doing, there are many possible responses.
Ça va bien. It’s going well.)
Tout va bien. (Everything is going well.)
Je vais bien, merci. (I’m fine, thank you.)
Je vais très bien. (I’m very well.)
Je ne vais pas très bien. (I’m not doing very well.)
Je vais comme-ci, comme-ça. (I’m so-so.)
Once you’ve said that you’re fine, or good, or so-so, it is customary to ask how the other person is doing. You can do this easily by saying Et toi? (And you? [informal]) or Et vous?(And you? [formal]).
As many ways as there are to greet someone, you’ll find plenty of ways say goodbye, as well.
Au revoir. (Good-bye.)
Salut. (Good-bye. [Informal])
À bientôt. (See you soon.)
À tout de suite. (See you in a minute.)
À plus tard. (See you later.)
À la prochaine. (Until next time.)
À demain. (See you tomorrow.)
À la semaine prochaine. (See you next week.)
À lundi. (See you on Monday.)
Bonne journée! (Have a good day!)
Bonne chance! (Good luck!)
Bonne nuit. (Good night. Used only when someone is going to sleep or retiring for the evening.)
Aside from a few exceptions, final consonants aren’t pronounced in French. Pronounce a final consonant only if it’s followed by a vowel.
3. Audio Lesson: Survival Phrases – Thank You
Perhaps you think it’s unimportant that you don’t know what ‘Thank you’ is in Bulgarian, or that it’s too difficult a language to learn. Yet, as a traveler or visitor, you will be surprised at how far you can go using a little bit of Bulgarian in Bulgaria!
Click Here to Listen to the Free Audio Lesson!
At BulgarianPod101, we offer you a few ways of saying ‘Thank you’ in Bulgarian that you have no excuse not knowing, as they’re so simple and easy to learn. The lesson is geared to aid your ‘survival’ in formal and informal situations in Bulgaria, so don’t wait! You will never have to google ‘How do you say thanks in Bulgarian’ again…!
1. How to Celebrate Christmas in Bulgaria
“Christmas Eve” or Badni vecher in Bulgarian and “Christmas” or Koleda are holidays popular throughout the world. In Bulgaria, they are “family holidays,” or semeyni praznitsi, and are among the most important Christian holidays of the year. For this reason, Bulgarians celebrate the holiday for three consecutive days—from December 25 to December 27. On these days, everyone spends time with their nearest and dearest, and there are many special dishes and rituals for these holidays.
Now, before we get into more detail, I’ve got a trivia question for you-
What does the word Badni literally mean and why is Badni vecher a strange name for “Christmas Eve”?
If you don’t already know, keep reading! The answer will be revealed at the end!
The holiday called Badni vecher is an Orthodox Christian holiday with many traditional practices. On this day, an abundant feast is prepared but all meals must be meatless. The main dishes usually includes beans or bob, vine or cabbage leaves stuffed with rice, or in Bulgarian sarmi, boiled wheat or zhito, pumpkin pastry, or tikvenik, and dried fruit compote, or in Bulgarian oshav. There will also be fruits, garlic, walnuts, and honey. There must be an odd number of dishes. The most important element is the ceremonial bread. Each member of the family receives a piece of it. In this bread there are lucky charms, and the main one is a coin which brings health and good luck to the person who gets it.
On Christmas Eve, there are lots of folk enchantments and predictions. For example, everyone picks a walnut from those on the table, breaks it open, and, if the walnut is light-colored, it means good luck. At midnight, Christmas comes and, according to the tradition, the koledari will stop by. This is a group of young men led by an older man who go from house to house, dressed in traditional Bulgarian folk costumes. They sing ritual songs and wish happiness to the family, blessing the home at the end.There is a belief that wishes come true on Christmas.
According to Christianity, Christmas is the day of Christ’s birth—the day when the Son of God, Jesus Christ, was born. That is why this day is also the Name Day or Imen den of everyone named “God’s Gift” or in Bulgarian Bozhidar, “Joyful,” or Hristo, “Glorious,” or in Bulgarian Radoslav, “God is with us” or Emanuil, and other derivative names.
On December 27, St. Stefan’s Day is celebrated, and the people with this name celebrate their Name Day. On these holidays, people go to the church in order to attend the solemn liturgical services.
At home, Bulgarians celebrate a lot like people in other countries around the world—with a Christmas tree, decorations, and, of course, with “Santa Claus” or in Bulgarian Dyado Koleda. During socialist rule, the “Santa Claus” was called “Grandfather Frost” or in Bulgarian Dyado Mraz and he brought presents on New Year’s Day instead of Christmas. However, it has always been a tradition for Dyado Koleda to pay visits to schools and kindergartens.
Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-
Do you know where the name Badni vecher for “Christmas Eve” comes from and what the word badni means?
According to tradition, a special log called badnik is blessed and set alight in the fireplace. The name badni comes from that. The meaning of the word itself is related to another word—badnina which has the meaning of “faith in the future.”
2. Holiday Greetings and Wishes for the Holiday Season
1- Merry Christmas!
Весела Коледа!Vesela Koleda!
Do you know how to say ‘Merry Christmas’ in Bulgarian? Learn here how to pronounce it perfectly! ‘Merry’ means to be joyful, to celebrate and generally be in good spirits. So, with this phrase you are wishing someone a joyful, celebratory remembrance of Christ’s birth!
2- Happy Kwanzaa!
Весела Куанза!Vesela Kuanza!
Surprise your African-American, or West African native friends with this phrase over the Christmas holidays! Kwanzaa is a seven-day, non-religious celebration, starting on Dec 26th each year. It has its roots in African American modern history, and many people celebrate both Kwanzaa and Christmas!
3- Have a happy New Year!
Щастлива Нова Година!Shtastliva Nova Godina!
In countries where Christmas is not officially celebrated, but a Gregorian calendar is observed, this would be a friendly festive-season wish over New Year.
4- Happy Hanukkah!
Честита Ханука!Chestita Hanuka!
Hanukkah is the beautiful Hebrew festival over November or December each year. It is also called the ‘Festival of Lights’ and is celebrated to commemorate the Jewish freedom of religion.
5- Have a great winter vacation!
Да си изкарате страхотно зимната почивка!Da si izkarate strahotno zimnata pochivka!
This is a good phrase to keep handy if someone doesn’t observe any religious festival over the Christmas holidays! However, this will only be applicable in the Northern hemisphere, where it is winter over Christmas.
6- See you next year!
Ще се видим догодина!Shte se vidim dogodina!
Going away on holiday over Christmas season, or saying goodbye to someone about to leave on vacation? This would be a good way to say goodbye to your friends and family.
7- Warm wishes!
С най-топли пожелания!S nay-topli pozhelaniya!
An informal, friendly phrase to write in Bulgarian Christmas cards, especially for secular friends who prefer to observe Christmas celebrations without the religious symbolism. It conveys the warmth of friendship and friendly wishes associated with this time of year.
8- Happy holidays!
Весели празници!Veseli praznitsi!
If you forget how to say ‘Merry Christmas!’ in Bulgarian, this is a safe, generic phrase to use instead.
9- Enjoy the holidays!
Насладете се на празниците!Nasladete se na praznitsite!
After saying ‘Merry Christmas’ in Bulgarian, this would be a good phrase with which to wish Christmas holiday-goers well! It is also good to use for secular friends who don’t celebrate Christmas but take a holiday at this time of the year.
10- Best wishes for the New Year!
С най-сърдечни пожелания за Новата година!S nay-sardechni pozhelaniya za Novata godina!
This is another way of wishing someone well in the New Year if they observe a Gregorian calendar. New Year’s day would then fall on January 1st.
4. Twelve Days of Christmas
Wow, you’re doing extremely well! You know how to wish someone a Merry Christmas in Bulgarian, and you learned pertinent vocabulary too! The Twelve Days of Christmas is not very well known in modern times, so, you’re on your way to becoming an expert in Christmas traditions and rituals. Well done!
The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a traditional festive period of 12 days dedicated to celebrate the nativity of Christ. Christmas Day is, for many who observe Twelvetide, the first day of this period.
‘The Twelve Days of Christmas’ is also a popular Christmas song about a series of gifts given on each day of Twelvetide. According to experts, these gifts were created as a coded reference to important symbols in the Christian church. Here is a list of those gifts mentioned in the song! Do you recognise them?
5. Top 10 Christmas Characters in American Culture
This is fantastic, you know how to explain almost everything about Christmas in Bulgarian! However, do you know the most popular Christmas characters in American culture? Your knowledge will not be complete without this list.
3. Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions
So, you learned the Bulgarian word for ‘resolution’. Fabulous! Resolutions are those goals and intentions that we hope to manifest in the year that lies ahead. The beginning of a new year serves as a good marker in time to formalise these. Some like to do it in writing, others only hold these resolutions in their hearts. Here are our Top 10 New Year’s resolutions at BulgarianPod101 – what are yours?
Learn these phrases and impress your Bulgarian friends with your vocabulary.
1- Read more
Четете повечеChetete poveche
Reading is a fantastic skill that everyone can benefit from. You’re a business person? Apparently, successful business men and women read up to 60 books a year. This probably excludes fiction, so better scan your library or Amazon for the top business reads if you plan to follow in the footsteps of the successful! Otherwise, why not make it your resolution to read more Bulgarian in the new year? You will be surprised by how much this will improve your Bulgarian language skills!
2- Spend more time with family
Прекарвайте повече време със семейството си.Prekarvaite poveche vreme sas semeistvoto si.
Former US President George Bush’s wife, Barbara Bush, was quoted as having said this: “At the end of your life, you will never regret not having passed one more test, not winning one more verdict, or not closing one more deal. You will regret time not spent with a husband, a friend, a child, a parent.” This is very true! Relationships are often what gives life meaning, so this is a worthy resolution for any year.
3- Lose weight
Намалете теглото си.Namalete tegloto si.
Hands up, how many of you made this new year’s resolution last year too…?! This is a notoriously difficult goal to keep, as it takes a lot of self discipline not to eat unhealthily. Good luck with this one, and avoid unhealthy fad diets!
4- Save money
Спестявайте пари.Spestyavayte pari.
Another common and difficult resolution! However, no one has ever been sorry when they saved towards reaching a goal. Make it your resolution to save money to upgrade your subscription to BulgarianPod101’s Premium PLUS option in the new year – it will be money well spent!
5- Quit smoking
Откажете се от тютюнопушенето.Otkajete se ot tyutyunopusheneto.
This is a resolution that you should definitely keep, or your body could punish you severely later! Smoking is a harmful habit with many hazardous effects on your health. Do everything in your power to make this resolution come true in the new year, as your health is your most precious asset.
6- Learn something new
Учете нови неща.Uchete novi nesta.
Science has proven that learning new skills can help keep brain diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s at bay! It can even slow down the progression of the disease. So, keep your brain healthy by learning to speak a new language, studying towards a qualification, learning how to sew, or how to play chess – no matter how old you are, the possibilities are infinite!
7- Drink less
Пийте по-малко.Piite po-malko.
This is another health resolution that is good to heed any time of the year. Excessive drinking is associated with many diseases, and its effect can be very detrimental to good relationships too. Alcohol is a poison and harmful for the body in large quantities!
8- Exercise regularly
Правете редовно упражнения.Pravete redovno uprajnenia.
This resolution goes hand-in-hand with ‘Lose weight’! An inactive body is an unhealthy and often overweight one, so give this resolution priority in the new year.
9- Eat healthy
Хранете се здравословно.Hranete se zdravoslovno.
If you stick with this resolution, you will lose weight and feel better in general. It is a very worthy goal to have!
10- Study Bulgarian with BulgarianPod101
Учете български език с BulgarianPod101.com.Uchete balgarski ezik s BulgarianPod101.com.
Of course! You can only benefit from learning Bulgarian, especially with us! Learning how to speak Bulgarian can keep your brain healthy, it can widen your circle of friends, and improve your chances to land a dream job anywhere in the world. BulgarianPod101 makes it easy and enjoyable for you to stick to this resolution.
4. Inspirational New Year Quotes
Everyone knows that it is sometimes very hard to stick to resolutions, and not only over New Year. The reasons for this vary from person to person, but all of us need inspiration every now and then! A good way to remain motivated is to keep inspirational quotes near as reminders that it’s up to us to reach our goals.
Click here for quotes that will also work well in a card for a special Bulgarian new year greeting!
Make decorative notes of these in Bulgarian, and keep them close! Perhaps you could stick them above your bathroom mirror, or on your study’s wall. This way you not only get to read Bulgarian incidentally, but also remain inspired to reach your goals! Imagine feeling like giving up on a goal, but reading this quote when you go to the bathroom: “It does not matter how slowly you go, as long as you do not stop.” What a positive affirmation!
5. Inspirational Language Learning Quotes
Still undecided whether you should enroll with BulgarianPod101 to learn a new language? There’s no time like the present to decide! Let the following Language Learning Quotes inspire you with their wisdom.
Click here to read the most inspirational Language Learning Quotes!
As legendary President Nelson Mandela once said: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.” So, learning how to say Happy New Year in Bulgarian could well be a way into someone special’s heart for you! Let this year be the one where you to learn how to say Happy New Year, and much more, in Bulgarian – it could open many and unexpected doors for you.
7. Why Enrolling with BulgarianPod101 Would Be the Perfect New Year’s Gift to Yourself!
If you are unsure how to celebrate the New Year, why not give yourself a huge gift, and enroll to learn Bulgarian! With more than 12 years of experience behind us, we know that BulgarianPod101 would be the perfect fit for you. There are so many reasons for this!
- Custom-tailored Learning Paths: Start learning Bulgarian at the level that you are. We have numerous Learning Pathways, and we tailor them just for you based on your goals and interests! What a boon!
- Marked Progress and Fresh Learning Material Every Week: We make new lessons available every week, with an option to track your progress. Topics are culturally appropriate and useful, such as “Learning how to deliver negative answers politely to a business partner.” Our aim is to equip you with Bulgarian that makes sense!
- Multiple Learning Tools: Learn in fun, easy ways with resources such 1,000+ video and audio lessons, flashcards, detailed PDF downloads, and mobile apps suitable for multiple devices!
- Fast Track Learning Option: If you’re serious about fast-tracking your learning, Premium Plus would be the perfect way to go! Enjoy perks such as personalised lessons with ongoing guidance from your own, native-speaking teacher, and one-on-one learning on your mobile app! You will not be alone in your learning. Weekly assignments with non-stop feedback, answers and corrections will ensure speedy progress.
- Fun and Easy: Keeping the lessons fun and easy-to-learn is our aim, so you will stay motivated by your progress!
There’s no reason not to go big in 2018 by learning Bulgarian with BulgarianPod101. Just imagine how the world can open up for you!
Learn These Phrases With These Flash Cards
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