How to make music

How to Make Your Own Music Beats and InstrumentalsThis is one of the best times in history to be living if you’re a musician or someone that wants to make music. Why?

Well, there are lots of resources that exist, both online and offline, to show and teach you how to make your own music, beats, or instrumentals. And there are even more ways to turn that into a way to make an extra income, full-time or part-time income (yes, you can). Isn’t that exciting?

Well, this blog post, and this entire site, really, is dedicated to helping you make your own beats. And in order to do that, first you need to know what you need to have, and how you’re going to use them.

Keep reading…

3. How to Make Beats

How to Make a Beat

Making beats may actually be easier than you think if you have an ear for music. Beats are essentially loops that are rearranged and repeated.

Beats can be simple, or beats can be complex.

It’s all about giving the music artist a good foundation to get their creative juices going to make a great song.

Basic Beat Elements

1. Drums – Songs usually consist of kick drums, a snare or clap, hi-hats or shakers, cymbals, and other drum sounds.

2. Melodies – The melodies are the instruments that are played over the drums. The instrument can be a piano, synth, bass, strings, live instruments, and more.

3. Samples – A lot of Hip Hop beats feature samples that have been chopped and reorganized to fit a drum pattern.

How to Make a Beat

Here is an example of how to make a beat. Even though the beat below is made in FL Studio the same process can be applied to other music software programs and hardware. Lay out your drums, add instruments, and arrange your beat into a full song.

Beat Making Tutorials

The examples below are made with different music equipment and software, but the process is very much the same for all the different music genres.

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Beat Making Inspiration

Beat Making Tips

Here is a collection of beat-making tips to use when making your own beats.

  • Focus on mastering the one program you choose to use. Don’t try to learn everything at once.
  • Study your favorite music producers. Try to recreate your favorite beats to understand how beats are made.
  • Collaborate with others.
  • Beats should usually stay under 3 1/2 minutes.
  • Import MIDI. If you don’t know how to play the keyboard well, try importing MIDI files and edit the notes in your music software.
  • When you need inspiration look at beat-making videos.

Music Tempo Guide

Here are a few of the suggested tempos for different music genres.

  • Hip Hop: 76 to 95 BPM
  • R&B: 72 to 110 BPM
  • Dance: 112 to 145 BPM
  • Dubstep: 138 to 145 BPM
  • Rock: 72 to 95 BPM
  • Trap: 130 to 140 BPM
  • Techno: 220 to 125 BPM

Beat Making Helpful Links

Other Music Topics

6. Mixing Music

Once you have a good beat, you want to make sure the audio is mixed well to sound good on different devices.

Audio mixing is the process of taking all the individual tracks and instruments, adjusting the audio levels, panning, adding effects, and more.

Mixing the audio will help to make sure your beat sounds good on your computer, car, home stereo, and more.

Basic Mixing Theory

How To Mix Hip Hop Beats

This video is done in FL Studio, but the same rules apply to other music production software.

10 Audio Mixing Tips

10 Audio Mixing Tips

  1. Start with high-quality sounds.
  2. Use studio monitors.
  3. Use Multiple Sound References – Test out your audio mix on your computer, in your car, with headphones, with monitors, etc.
  4. Gain Staging – Get your levels right, avoid audio clipping.
  5. Get good with EQ.
  6. Give your ears a break. Take breaks from mixing and come back with a fresh pair of ears.
  7. Rely on your ears. Don’t focus on what you see on the screen.
  8. Use panning.
  9. Mix at low levels at first, then turn the volume up.
  10. Listen to top quality mixes as a reference of what you should strive for.
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Tutorials on Audio Mixing

Basic Audio Mixing Terms

  • Clipping – Clipping is a form of audio distortion that happens when audio is too loud.
  • Equalization ( a.k.a EQ ) is the process of adjusting the frequency of the audio or instrument.
  • Panning is the process of adjusting the audio to the left speaker, right speaker, or center.
  • Effects – Effects is the process of adding reverbs, delays, echoes, and more to audio tracks.

7. Exporting & Tracking Out Beats

Exporting & Tracking Out Beats

Exporting is the process of saving your beat to your computer. All music programs will have an export option.

The most popular file formats are WAV and Mp3.

  • WAV – This file format is high quality and usually uncompressed. The file size is much larger compared to mp3.
  • MP3 – This file format is compressed, so the file size is much smaller and the quality is lower. This format is used more for streaming online.

Tracking Out Beats

Tracking out beats, also known as “Bouncing Audio,” is the process of exporting all the individual instruments and sounds into separate audio files so they can be mixed in another audio program.

Sometimes music artists request beats to be tracked out so they can make adjustments to the beat to fit with their vocals. The artist may add or remove elements from the beat.

How to Track Out Beats In FL Studio

The tutorial below is done in FL Studio, but the same process can pretty much be done in other music programs. Once all the individual instruments are exported, they would be imported into an audio program.

Helpful Links

8. Music Glossary Terms

Here is a collection of common music production glossary terms and definitions for music newbies.

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Music Terms

  • Digital Audio Workstation ( DAW ) – This is a computer software program for recording, editing, and producing audio files such as songs, beats, and sound effects.
  • Musical Instrument Digital Interface ( MIDI ) – MIDI allows electronic music instruments, computers, and other devices to connect and communicate with one another.
  • Virtual Studio Technology ( VST ) This is a software interface that can add instruments ( Examples: Synth, Piano, Bass, etc. ) and effect plugins to music programs.
  • WAVeform ( WAV ) – WAV is an audio file format.
  • Synthesizer ( Synth ) – A synthesizer is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers.
  • Metronome – A metronome is a device that produces regular ticks – settable in beats per minute. These ticks represent a fixed, regular pulse.
  • 16 Bars -16 Bars is a reference to how long a usual rap verse is. Rap Song Structure
  • Tempo is the speed or pace of the music. The same info for Beats Per Minute ( BPM ).
  • Chords – A chord is a harmonic set of three or more notes played at once. Video
  • Music Theory – The study of music elements, including sound and pitch, rhythm, melody, harmony, and notation.
  • Drum Machine – A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums, cymbals, other percussion instruments, and often bass lines.

Audio Mixing Terms

  • Clipping -Clipping is a form of audio distortion that happens when audio is too loud.
  • Equalization ( EQ ) – EQ is the process of adjusting the frequency of the audio or instrument.
  • Panning – Panning is the process of adjusting the audio to the left speaker, right speaker, or center.
  • Effects – Effects is the process of adding reverbs, delays, echoes, and more to audio tracks.

General Terms

  • Mastering Audio is the process merging all mixed audio and preparing it for distribution.
  • Bounce or Bouncing – Bouncing audio is the process of exporting individual audio tracks in your audio mix.
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