Growing Marijuana outdoors is a great way to get a big harvest.
It is inexpensive and no special equipment is needed.
Outdoor plants can become big and yield huge harvests.
(the image is from greengrasspub)
Here are tips on how to successfully grow Marijuana outdoors.
By the way: While growing Marijuana outdoors is easier in a warm and sunny climate, such surroundings are not absolutely necessary.
I have had great results in cold northern Germany, in my parents garden. That’s where most of the pictures in this site have been taken.
But of course, if you live in Australia or other sunny parts of this world, growing marijuana outdoors becomes a bit easier.
So, how to set up an outdoor grow?
Find the right spot
Your Plants need at least 4 – 6 hours direct Sunlight per day. The more light, the more weight you’ll get at the end.
The grow spot should be well hidden. And keep in mind that you might need to bring water in case its a dry summer.
A garden can be a great place for growing Marijuana outdoors.
By putting Marijuana Plants into Pots, you can move them around. That makes it easier to hide them if necessary.
By the way. Cannabis ‘mixes’ well with other plants. If you put a cannabis plant between some other large, leafy plants, it becomes much harder to spot.
One day, I showed a good friend of mine a cannabis plant in the garden. That particular plant was standing between other leafy plants.
And although we were standing right in front of the green lady, my friend could not see it.
It was only after I assured him that it is there, he suddenly saw it. “Oohh! I did not expect it was that close!”.
Here is a pic of that plant:
Pot mixes well with other plants and is than harder to spot for the human eye!
Another great spot to grow can be a balcony or a terrace. I have had a nice harvest with my “Balcony Grow“.
Germinate the seeds
A good time to put cannabis seeds into soil is at the beginning of spring. As a rule of thumb, I try to always germinate 2-times the amount of seeds than plants I want to grow. Some may not germinate and or some will be male plants. More on that later.
Here in Australia, spring is in November. In the States, it is somewhere March to April.
To make sure all your cannabis seeds germinate properly, read “How to Germinate Marijuana Seeds“. A healthy start into life will result in a healthy plant.
Baby Marijuana plants are more likely to be eaten by snails and not very resistant against cold and humidity. They should be kept inside, e.g. on a Sunny Window board, for the first 3-4 weeks of their live. I have many people commenting that they put their young plants outside only to have them eaten by something (Horses, Snails, Kangaroos, Dropbears(!)). It happens easily. Plants should be relatively big before putting them outside.
When they have grown to a stable plant …
Put the Plants outside
Plants can be put outside 3-4 weeks after germination. Temperatures outside may not fall lower than 0 deg Celsius or 32 F. Or the plants will die.
I find it a good idea to grow in Pots. You can than move the plants around. Either to hide them or to “follow the sun”.
Wherever you put it, in a pot or directly into the ground, make sure you use good quality soil.
Quality soil has a dark, almost black colour. It contains some fertilizers and perlite (little white pearls).
If there is quality soil in your garden already, good!
But if you are unsure, buy good potting mix. That will increase your results. To make it even better, mix some perlite (little clay pebbles) into it.
Marijuana likes light, fluffy soil with loads of ‘food’ in it. Do not apply pressure to the soil. The roots need oxygen to function properly. The perlite helps here.
When using plastic pots, you could drill plenty of little holes into them to let some air in. I very much recommend fabric pots. The bigger the pot, the bigger the plant. 7 gallons is a good size for outdoor plants.
Fill your pot with the same soil as you plant already used in its little “Baby pot”.
If you prefer growing Marijuana outdoors directly in the ground, make sure the area where you put it offers good soil.
It can be a good idea to dig a hole of ca. 60 cm (23 inch) diameter and depth. Than fill it up with quality flower soil and plant the weed into this soil.
Remove any other plants around that could interfere with your Marijuana or grow over it. Cannabis needs as much sun as possible.
Once you’ve done all that …
Let the Plants grow!
The plants now do pretty much all the work.
The more sun they’ll get, the faster they’ll grow.
Water the plants regularly. Do not overwater. Give only as much water as the plant can use and only when the soil has dried up. Touch the soil with the back of your fingers. If it feels cold, there is still water left in the soil.
After 3 – 4 weeks, you want to start using Fertilizer. Up to this point, the plants were feeded of the nutrition in its soil.
There are different Fertilizers available. Some are made especially for Marijuana, for example this one.
These are the best to use because the composition is targeted at the needs of cannabis.
But if you want to save some money, Tomato Fertilizer works well, too. But make sure any fertilizer you use can be used for Food Plants.
Stick to the dosage recommendations written on the fertilizer container.
Do not use too much Fertilizer. It will harm or kill your Plant.
If you are like me, you probably watch at your marijuana plants every day.
If the leaves start becoming light-green or yellowish, give some more Fertilizer.
Remove the Males
At some point in time you want to remove the male marijuana plants. They do not deliver those tasty buds. They seem to have lower THC Levels generally.
If they are not removed, they will pollinate the females.
Once the females were pollinated, they put their energy into developing seeds.
The buds won’t grow that much anymore and the possible harvest decreases. Plus its a bit annoying to smoke seeds.
How to spot a male plant?
There is no way of telling before the plant starts budding.
The following is a picture of young male buds. They look a little like ‘balls’.
(above: Male Cannabis Bud)
(above: Female Buds have white ‘stigmas’)
If you spot a male pull it out and remove it. Its always a little bit sad.
Usually, there is a 50% Male – 50% Female gender ratio.
Once you got only females left, it will take 2 – 4 month until ….
Tips for Germinating Marijuana Seeds
- Line the bottom of a ceramic plate with a few layers of paper towels. Wet the towels and drain off the excess water from the plate.
- Place the seeds on top of the towels. Then, place another layer of towels on top of the seeds and first layer of towels. Wet this layer as well and drain off the excess water again.
- Place another ceramic plate on top of the first to create a “clamshell” with the two plates.
- This will create the perfect environment for the seeds to begin germinating. Make sure the towels stay moist, but are not in standing water.
- Place the plates in a warm area, away from direct light.
- Check the seeds every day.
- Sometime between 24-72 hours after making the clamshell, the seeds will begin to show their white root. Once the root sprouts from the seed, place it root facing down, into your preferred growing medium.
- Cover the seed with about a 1/4 inch of soil, but do not plant the seed too deep, as this will not allow access to light and will kill the seed.
- Make sure to keep the medium moist and do not let it dry out (this will kill the seeds quickly).
- Place a florescent type growing light with a “plant-growing” bulb at 6″ above the seed.
Proper growing conditions:
- 68-75 ˚F degrees is ideal
- 30-45% humidity is ideal
- Keep the lights on for 18 hours until the seedlings have grown to a size you prefer. (This amount of light replicates the hours of natural sunlight in the early growing season when cannabis grows in the wild.)
- Once the plant is a size you like, switch the light cycle to 12 hours on and 12 hours off. This cycle will induce the flowering cycle of the plants. It is extremely important that the 12-hour dark cycle is kept completely dark, otherwise you will end up with seeded plants (due to the interruption of the light cycle).
- The plants will stretch upwards usually between 12-18″ depending on variety, so be aware and decide your ideal plant size based upon this information.
- For the flowering cycle, a high pressure sodium light will work best and should be kept 3′ away from the top of the plants.
- It is imperative that unnecessary stress is avoided when growing seeds. Stress such as too dry, too wet, underfed, light cycle interruptions will cause the seedlings to become males, which will be unwanted in your garden.
- Cannabis is a dry/wet cycle plant. This means that it prefers to dry out a bit, then be watered again, and so on. This does not mean that you want the plant to dry out completely, but do let it dry somewhat and then water it. The quickest way to kill a plant is to over water or underwater. Just try the wet/dry cycle of watering and use your judgement. It will be a learning process and will take some time to master.
The importance of sexing marijuana plants, or identifying the sex, comes with the consumer demand for buds without seeds—also known as “sinsemilla.”
Sinsemilla is robust cannabis produced by female marijuana plants, intentionally kept seedless to obtain a high resin content. This is done through preventing pollination by simply getting rid of the male plants.
Male cannabis plants do not produce desirable amounts of THC and are full of seeds. These qualities are not wanted by most cannabis consumers. In your pack of F1 seeds, you will find males and females. Beginners might find that using a magnifying glass is helpful while identifying the sex of the plants.
Both male and female cannabis plants begin to produce flowers 10-14 days after the plants are in the flower cycle (12 hours of light, 12 hours of darkness). The male flower sites will begin to produce pollen only a few days after the flowers begin to develop.
The image on the left shows the development of the male flower at one week of the flower cycle, while the image on the right shows the development of a female flower.
Once you have identified the sex of all of your cannabis plants, simply kill the male plants and compost the green waste. This is time-sensitive due to how quickly pollen is produced after the flowers begin to develop.
At The Farm, we pride ourselves on education. Learning how to grow marijuana is a complex and skilled art. While these tips are meant to help get you started, we suggest investing in marijuana horticulture literature to expand your knowledge further.
Vital Information about Marijuana
If you are new about marijuana or cannabis, you have to be familiar with the common words used to refer to them. Don’t get confused when others use any of these names, as they just refer to cannabis. Among the most common names include:
Marijuana or cannabis has two main strains, such Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, which are both hemp plants.
Cannabis Sativa:A common strain of cannabis sativa is Cannabis Ruderalis, which is an industrially-grown hemp. It contains a far higher cannabidiol ratio than other weeds, which eliminates the psycho-active chemical found in cannabis. Thus, this is not ideal for smoking, but can be of paramount help for rope and other fibers.
However, it is important to note that hemp oil and seeds from such plants offer different benefits to health. Many skilled and expert growers will also often grow Ruderalis in order to breed with other strains. This will then create a variety of new hybrids.
Cannabis Indica: This strain of Cannabis is directly related to the other strain, but has a higher ration of cannabidiol to psycho-active chemical. This makes it the most common option for medical purposes. While Sativa creates a feeling of creative high, Indica gives a stoned sensation or feeling. Indica strains are also able to produce denser and shorter plants that grow easily. This makes it a more ideal strain of weeds for indoor settings.
Regardless of the strain you choose to grow, the ways to ingest them are usually the same. Often, the flowers and leaves are dried out, crushed and smoked in a cigarette form or pipe. If you don’t smoke, there are also other ways to ingest and prepare cannabis.
Growing cannabis indoor does not need to be too complicated. The process can actually be fun, especially if you are equipped with the right tool and you know what to do.
Beginners Setup for Growing Weed
Vital Factors to Grow Wed
If you think you’re ready to start growing weed, there are a few things you must ensure to have, including:
Understanding these factors and the role each of them play in the process of growing weeds is important to become a successful grower. There must be a proper balance of each of these to have a successful grow.
But, if you’re still confused and don’t know much about these elements yet, don’t worry. We will walk you through the process as we go along.
The Positive and Negative Effects of Marijuana
While there are still some countries that prohibit the use of Marijuana until today, many other nations have recognized its health benefits, compelling them to legalize the use of weeds. Sure, marijuana can have negative effects on its user, but it also provides remarkable advantages.
Cannabinoids is the main factor that causes the various effects of marijuana. This is a chemical produced by the strain of cannabis plant in different concentrations and combinations. This family of chemicals is what gets its users high after smoking marijuana. The exact effects and potency level of weeds on the body and mind depend highly on the variety and quality, as well as on the way it’s grown, prepared and stored.
The key active ingredient of marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol, which can be found in almost every part of the plant. However, the tips of female flowers or cannabin are specially rich with this ingredient.
The Benefits of Using Cannabis
The effects of weeds can vary from one person to another, depending heavily on what is being smoked. When used as prescribed, marijuana is known to deliver remarkable benefits, such as:
- Improved thinking process
- Encourage more positive thoughts and better ideas
- Relieves stress
- Improved mood
- Nausea and pain relief – weeds can help reduce pain, decrease nausea and stir up appetite, especially of those who are dealing with chemotherapy
- Relieves arthritis – cannabis has been found to help reduce inflammation and pain, which can help alleviate discomfort experienced by those who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis
- Improved levels of pleasure towards everything, including music, sex and others
When used properly and according to prescription, marijuana provides positive effects among users. We recommend that you discuss with a medical expert regarding the use of weeds before resorting to this treatment.
Planting Mediums for Growing Marijuana
There are two main planting medium mentioned in this section: soil and hydroponics. A brief explanation of each planting medium is available below:
Soil is the traditional and most cost effective planting medium for growing marijuana crops. Soil or simply dirt is highly reliable and extremely cheap planning medium in growing any kind of plant. If you want a traditional growing and of course want to save on cost, soil is the ideal planting medium you can use for planting marijuana. If you choose soil as your medium, you can expect decent crops, start small, have lower risks of error and the cost is expensive too.
Today’s most popular and common planting medium is hydroponics. This method offers you a way to grow your plants without using soil. Instead, water provides mineral nutrients to the plants. You can choose from different types of hydroponics systems available. Each has their own advantages and disadvantages.
Though that maybe so, each of these hydroponics systems allows you to grow your plants easily, whether indoors and even out of season. The thing about hydroponics system, however, is they need constant monitoring. If there is even slightest error in its chemical solution, it could cause the ruin of your entire crop.
The advantage with hydroponics, on the other hand, is lets you grow a good amount of marijuana in only a short time. However, you need to know there are plenty of things you can do wrong in this method. Additionally, hydroponics system is not cheap. In that sense, if you want to try this medium, it would be best to learn a bit and see how things work out for you.
Selecting the Best Type of Soil
If you want to grow cannabis, you need to be precise when it comes to the type of soil that you are going to use. Be sure that the soil is drainable yet will never drain the entire water on it. It should have the capability to retain even adequate amount of water in the soil.
There are three important factors to consider in selecting the best kind of soil for your marijuana plant. This includes PH level, texture and nutrients of the soil.
Cannabis Plant Transplantation Method
Transplanting your cannabis plant is a manifestation of converting your plants from small containers into bigger ones. This is only one way of shifting marijuana plants from a container to the ground. This method is very simple but not as easy as you think. You have to take the marijuana plant out of their container cautiously, along with its soil and roots. Dig a next home for this plant at the center and place it in a hole.
However, this method can cause damage to the roots of the plants and stress to its parts. This is the reason why you need to take some time to settle down.
Important Nutrients Needed By Your Growing Cannabis Plants
Do you want to effectively grow your own cannabis at home? If yes, then below are some of the most important nutrients that they need to grow well:
- Nitrogen It is the most important element that helps cannabis steam and leaf grow. Too low nitrogen level may turn the leaves of the plants into color yellow. So, make use of adequate amount of nitrogen into your cannabis plants particularly during the vegetation process. This is just to assure that your plants will be growing at its finest.
- Phosphorus Phosphorus also plays an essential role in the respiration and photosynthesis process of your cannabis plants. It is highly recommended that cannabis grower need to make use of more phosphorus than nitrogen especially during the flowering process.
- Potassium Potassium is also necessary for transferring and building adequate amount of sugar into your marijuana plants. It is also an essential element for absorbing nutrients and water and even in aiding rapid plants growth.Detailed list of Nutrients Needed for Growing