How to fix a hole in the wall

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Spraying texture in a can on drywall repair.

Spraying texture in a can on drywall repair to blend with surrounding wall.

  1. Cut the hole into a square shape with a drywall saw.
  2. Screw 1×4 blocking to the inside of the hole with drywall screws, so the blocking overlaps the hole.
  3. Use a drywall or putty knife to cover the seams in the patch with joint compound.
  4. Embed drywall tape over the seams, pressing it in the wet joint compound with a drywall or putty knife.
  5. Allow the joint compound to dry overnight.
  6. Apply one or more additional coats of joint compound until the patch and drywall tape are well covered.
  7. Sand the joint compound smooth with the surrounding wall.
  8. Apply drywall spray can texture to the smooth patch, and allow it to dry.
  9. Prime the patch with latex wall primer.
  10. Apply two coats of wall paint to the wall.

Watch this video to find out more.

Further Information

Video Transcript A hole in drywall that’s larger than the head of a nail requires more repair than just the application of some spackling. For larger holes you can cut out the hole into a regular shape, like a square, then cut a new piece of drywall to the same size and shape for the patch.

To install the patch, you’ll need to install a couple of pieces of blocking, like one by twos, into the hole and attach them with drywall screws, so that half of the block is visible in the hole. This will support the patch, and allow you to screw it to the blocking.

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Next, you’ll cover the seams with drywall joint compound and press drywall tape into it. After several additional coats of joint compound, and a little sanding, the repair will be smooth.

For smaller holes you can buy a self adhesive patch, that’s reinforced with wire mesh, to cover the hole before applying several coats of joint compound and sanding. In either case the repaired are will be smooth, which will be a problem if you have textured walls. This texture, often called orange peel, helps hide flaws in the drywall.

The solution is to treat the repair area with texture in a can. Test the spray first on a scrap piece of cardboard, so that you can match the texture of your walls. Then apply it to the patch, using a random pattern and slightly overlapping the adjacent area. Once it dries you’re ready for paint, and no one will be the wiser.

If the hole in the wall is the size of a nail or screw

SUPPLIES:

  • A Mixing Pan (for the drywall)
  • A Drywall Knife (bigger than the hole in question)
  • Drywall Compound
  • Sandpaper/Sanding Sponge
  • Primer and Paint (that matches the wall)

First:  With the drywall knife, smooth on a glob of spackle or drywall compound.  Let filling dry for about an hour or so.

Then: With a wet sponge or a piece of sandpaper, sand the surface of the patch until it is smooth.

Finally: Prime and then paint the corrected area.

If the hole is 1-2 inches large

SUPPLIES:

Here is what you will need:

  • A Mixing Pan
  • A Drywall Knife
  • Drywall Compound
  • Adhesive Wall Patch
  • Sandpaper/Sanding Sponge
  • Primer and Paint
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First: Take your drywall patch, and place it over the hole.

Then: Use your drywall knife to smooth on the premixed drywall (do not sub for spackle, as this hole is too big).

Next:  After waiting an hour or so for the patch to dry, use a damp sponge or a piece of sandpaper to smooth out the patch.

Finally: Prime then paint the area to match the rest of your wall.

If the hole in the wall is larger than 2 inches

SUPPLIES:

  • A Mixing Pan (for the drywall)
  • A Drywall Knife (bigger than the hole in question)
  • Premixed drywall
  • Stud Finder
  • Sandpaper/Sanding Sponge
  • Scrap Piece of Drywall
  • Two, 1 by 2’’ Planks of Wood
  • Drywall Screws
  • Drywall Saw
  • Drywall Tape
  • Extra Piece of Drywall
  • Primer and Paint

First: Cut the around the hole with a drywall saw so that the hole is either a square or a rectangle.

Then: Measure the hole and see if it’s next to any studs.

Next:  (If there is a stud ignore this step.)  If there’s no stud, measure and cut two small planks of wood, around one and a half times the size of the hole.  Place the planks on the inside of the wall, perpendicular to the floor and parallel, on either side of the hole. With drywall screws, screw in the top and bottom of plank through the outside of the wall.

After:  Cut out a piece of drywall that is the size of the hole.  Fit it into the hole, and screw this new piece into the backers you have just created.

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Finally:  Cover the screws you just made with drywall tape. Then you are ready to finish up. Apply drywall with your knife, let it dry, sand down, and then prime and paint.

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