How to draw an apple

(The newer sketch lines will be in blue, the older sketch lines will be in gray.)

This lesson is designed to use polygon shapes in forming the drawing. HowToDraw-Apple-1Step 1. Begin by sketching a square and divide it lightly down the center. We will use polygon shapes to form the apple instead of a circle, this will create a more unique looking apple.

HowToDraw-Apple-2Step 2. Here's the fun part. Use the box as a guide to help you place the lines in the right places. Don't worry about making any curves yet, that's the next step. Add a leaf and an angled line for the stem on top.

Not all apples are the same, so it's OK if your apple doesn't look exactly like this one. Some apples are very round, some have a unique shape like this one. Notice there are 3 small bumps on the bottom of the apple. The top of the apple has a very wide M shape.

HowToDraw-Apple-3Step 3. Now you can curve those sharp angles. Smooth out just the sharp corners, but keep the other parts of the lines the same. The apple will take shape. Gently erase the previous sketch lines from the last step. Sketch in the shadow under the apple to create a surface for the apple to stand on.

Detail the leaf with 4 to 5 veins on each side, and thicken the stem. Notice that the top of the apple's stem flares out a bit, and you can see the top edge of the stem too.

HowToDraw-Apple-4Step 4. Shading. Take your time and always start with very light strokes when you shade, use cross-hatching strokes. For this lesson we will only shade the inner edge of the apple, the leaf, and shade under the apple. The leaf gets a heavier dose of shading on one side, and light on the other to create a slight fold. Darken the stem but not the top of the stem. It's OK to use your eraser if you over-darkened some areas while shading.

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Step 3 – Apple Shape Details

Apple shape detailsApple shape details

Inside the shape of the apple you can lightly indicate any smaller variations such as bumps and curves.

At this point you can also add some light shading to indicate where the shaded areas are.

In this case the light source is located towards the top left of the picture and slightly behind the apple.

You can also add a drop shadow to make it appear that the apple is actually sitting on a surface.

Shadows are cast directly opposite the light source so in this case the shadow will be the bottom right of the picture facing towards the viewer.

The drop shadow for this particular example will be darker towards the object and will sort of dissolve as it goes farther out.

Step 4 – Apple Shading

Apple shaded drawingApple shading

Refine your shading by creating gradients from the darker areas that are away from the light towards the lit ones.

Keep in mind that if the apple has color variations in it then there may be lighter areas within the shaded ones that are simple cause by the color variations and not just the light and shadows.

This makes drawing the apple a little tricky. You have to compare the light color areas that are lit to the light color areas that are shaded. The same goes for darker areas.

So for example if you have an apple that is red and green the green in the shadows may still be lighter then the red in the light. Shade accordingly.

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Conclusion

The shape of an apple is fairly easy to draw but shading an apple with color variations can get tricky. If you are a beginner artist and want to draw an apple for practice consider using an apple that is of a solid color and with a fairly smooth shape before experimenting further.

For a simpler shading tutorials you can see:

  • Egg Step by Step Basic Shading Tutorial
  • Shading Techniques and Stroke Types

How to Draw an Apple Tree – Step-by-Step Tutorial

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Step 1: To start, draw the roots. Draw a few “V’s” upside down in a line.

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Step 2: Now, it’s time to draw the trunk. From the top of your roots on the left side, draw a curved line facing inward. Draw another curved line facing inward from the right side of your roots. This is your trunk.

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Step 3: Next, draw the leaves. You’re going to use small semi-circles to form the shape of a circle around the top of your tree. Draw a few batches of semi-circle inside of your circle to look like the leaves or popping out.

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Step 4: Finally, draw apples. Draw a wide oval on a spot of your tree but instead of the bottom being round; make it come to a small point inside of your apple. Now draw a small line going up, at the top of your apple to make a stem. Repeat these steps for as many apples as you want.

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Apple Trees were brought over to North America from Europe. However, the tree is naturally found in Central Asia. The trees are grown for their fruit. Apple Trees grow to be 5 to 30 feet tall. During the spring the trees bloom in small pink flowers that turn white as they get older. Apple Trees depend on honey bees to pollinate the plants. The bees take the pollen away on their legs and move to other trees to take the pollen to other flowers. Apple trees have to be 8 to 10 years old to produce apples.

Did you know?

  • In America folklore, Johnnie Chapman or “Johnnie Appleseed” is credited with introducing the Apple Tree nationwide.
  • An Apple Tree used 50 leaves to grow 1 apple.
  • Apples are very healthy food, but most of the nutrients are in the apples skin.
  • China is the top grower of apples.
  • It takes 36 apples to make 1 gallon of apple cider.
  • The most popular variety of apple in the United States is the Red Delicious.
  • There are 7000 varieties of Apple Tree grown world-wide.

Theme: Apples are classic ingredients for all sorts of baked goods. A great beginners dish for young bakers is apple pie.

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