How to cite an article

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  • IOP Science iopscience.iop.org
  • IOP Publishing ioppublishing.org
  • Physics World physicsworld.com

The following information is intended to provide an overview of how to cite articles published in the IOP Conference Series titles. Please note that the full publication record for all IOP journals and proceedings can be found in IOPscience.

  • All proceedings in IOP Conference Series are published as a single volume of the relevant title. Typically, each volume has just a single issue but very large volumes may be split into two or more issues for ease of reading and navigation.
  • Papers published in IOP Conference Series titles use an article numbering system that means that papers should be cited by using the six-digit article number in place of a page number (see examples below).
  • Every article has its own unique identifier called a Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
  • Articles can be linked via the Crossref system.
  • The pages in the PDF file of each article are numbered from 1. These page numbers should not normally be included in a reference. However, if it is desirable to indicate the length of an article, this can be done by including the number of pages, in parentheses, after the article number.

Examples of citations to conference proceedings

References to conference papers should include:

  • Author(s)
  • Year of publication
  • Title of conference (in italics, initial letter of each significant word should be capital)

Example:

  • Mahanta N K and Abramson A R 2012 Thermal conductivity of graphene and graphene oxide nanoplatelets 13th Intersociety Conf. on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems

Examples of citations to conference series

  • Barry R Holstein 2009 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 173 012019
  • V V Kramarenko et al 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 43 012029
  • S Adarsh et al 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 149 012141
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  • Author guidelines for conference proceedings

How to Reference a Journal Article in APA

BibMe can create Journal Citations in APA automatically!

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Use the following template to cite a journal article using the APA citation format. We also provide style guides for the MLA, Chicago, and Turabian styles. To have your bibliography or works cited list automatically made for you, check out our free APA citation maker.

Once you’re finished with your citations, we can also help you with creating an APA title page.

Citing a journal article in print

APA format structure:

Author, A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.

APA format example:

Nevin, A. (1990). The changing of teacher education special education. Teacher Education and Special Education: The Journal of the Teacher Education Division of the Council for Exceptional Children, 13(3-4), 147-148.

Citing a journal article found online

APA format structure:

Author, A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp. DOI:XX.XXXXX or Retrieved from journal URL

APA format example:

Jameson, J. (2013). E-Leadership in higher education: The fifth “age” of educational technology research. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(6), 889-915. DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12103

Notes: When creating your online journal article citation, keep in mind:

  • APA does NOT require you to include the date of access/retrieval date or database information for electronic sources.
  • You can use the URL of the journal homepage if there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online.
  • Example: Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-8535;jsessionid=956132F3DE76EEB120577E99EE74CE9C.f04t01
  • A DOI (digital object identifier) is an assigned number that helps link content to its location on the Internet. It is therefore important, if one is provided, to use it when creating a citation. All DOI numbers begin with a 10 and are separated by a slash.
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For more information on how to cite in APA, check out Cornell.

←Back to APA Citation Guide

willa cather apa in text body reference citation“Most of the basic material a writer works with is acquired before the age of fifteen.” – Willa Cather

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