How to cite a movie

Posted on November 19, 2013 by thewriter in Citation Format

Videos are categorized under audiovisual media along with audios and television broadcasts. Though this medium is usually associated with entertainment, it can also be a valuable source of information. In this article, we will discuss how to cite videos.

Let’s begin with the guides in citing the author/s:

Citing the Author

One Author

In-text citation Reference list
Last name 


*Write only the last name without the initials for all in-text citations.

Last name, A. A. 

Lee, E. M.

Multiple Authors 

Two to Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last Name A & Last name B 

Garcia & Lopez

*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.” You can include up to five names, but in the next citations just use the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. 

Garcia, R. P., & Lopez, Z.

*The names of the author should be listed in the same order as it is written in the source. Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”

More than Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last name A et al. 

Haley et al.

*Only include the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F., . . . Last name, G. G. 

Haley, M. N., Johnson, L., Ayala, P. D., Cruz, J. L., Stuart, L. V, Castro, S., . . . Roque, K.C.

*Up to seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

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In-Text Citation

  • The in-text citation is written inside a parenthesis with the last name of the author and year, separated by a comma.

(Santos, 2010)

  • If the name of the author is included within the text, only the year is written inside the parenthesis.

Santos (2010)

Reference List

Below are the important elements of an APA video citation.

  1. Year or date
  2. Title of video
  3. Format
  4. Country
  5. Studio
  6. URL


And here are simple guides in citing a video in the reference list:

  • Include as much information available from the source.
  • The authors are usually the Producers, Directors and the person who posted the video. Indicate their contributions in a parenthesis after their names.
  • Include the format or description of form inside a bracket after the title. The first word of the format starts with a capital letter and the next word is in lowercase (e.g. Video file and Video podcast).
  • Use the screen name if the full name of the author is not available.
  • For videos posted online, list the exact date of posting with the year first followed by the month and date.
  • List the URL for videos retrieved from the web.


Basic Formats: Author (Producer or Director). (Year). Title of Video [Format]. Country: Studio.

Examples: Spielberg, S., Royce, I., Gordon, M., & Levinson, G. (Producers), & Spielberg, S. (Director). (2004). Saving Private Ryan [DVD]. United States: Universal.

Basic Formats (if it is available on-line): Author (Producer or Director). (Year). Title of Video [Format]. Available from

Examples: American Psychological Association (Producer). (2000). Responding therapeutically to patient expressions of sexual attraction [DVD]. Available from

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Note: After the name, indicate whether the person/s is the Producer or Director in a parenthesis. The name of the Producer/s is listed first before the name of the Director/s.

Video Blog Post

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of Video[Format]. Retrieved from

Example: Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from

Note: Titles of videos from online communities such as blogs, newsgroups, and forums are not italicized.

Video Podcast

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of Video [Format]. Retrieved from

Example: Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12) inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

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